Despite his lack of success outside Cubahis commitment to worldwide revolution by armed revolt and his subsequent execution in the jungles of Bolivia in made him a martyr for the cause of liberation in South and Central America. The oldest child in the family, Guevara had four younger brothers and sisters. Both his father, Ernesto Guevara Lynch, a part-Irish civil engineer, and his mother, Celia de la Serna, came from prominent well-to-do families, and both held left-wing political views.
See Article History Alternative Title: After his execution by the Bolivian army, he was regarded as a martyred hero by generations of leftists worldwide, and his image became an icon of leftist radicalism and anti-imperialism.
Medical school and Motorcycle Diaries: Although suffering from asthmahe excelled as an athlete and a scholar, completing his medical studies in He spent many of his holidays traveling in Latin Americaand his observations of the great poverty of the masses contributed to his eventual conclusion that the only solution lay in violent revolution.
He came to look upon Latin America not as a collection of separate nations but as a cultural and economic entity, the liberation of which would require an intercontinental strategy.
In particular, his worldview was changed by a nine-month journey he began in Decemberwhile on hiatus from medical school, with his friend Alberto Granado.
In Guevara went to Guatemalawhere Jacobo Arbenz headed a progressive regime that was attempting to bring about a social revolution. About that time Guevara acquired his nickname, from a verbal mannerism of Argentines who punctuate their speech with the interjection che.
The overthrow of the Arbenz regime in in a coup supported by the U. This became the cornerstone of his plans to bring about socialism by means of a worldwide revolution. It was in Guatemala that Guevara became a dedicated Marxist.
The few survivors, including the wounded Guevara, reached the Sierra Maestrawhere they became the nucleus of a guerrilla army. Indeed, the complex Guevara, though trained as a healer, also, on occasion, acted as the executioner or ordered the execution of suspected traitors and deserters.
Guevara became a Cuban citizen, as prominent in the newly established Marxist government as he had been in the revolutionary army, representing Cuba on many commercial missions. He also became well known in the West for his opposition to all forms of imperialism and neocolonialism and for his attacks on U.
Guevara expounded a vision of a new socialist citizen who would work for the good of society rather than for personal profit, a notion he embodied through his own hard work. Often he slept in his office, and, in support of the volunteer labour program he had organized, he spent his day off working in a sugarcane field.
He grew increasingly disheartened, however, as Cuba became a client state of the Soviet Unionand he felt betrayed by the Soviets when they removed their missiles from the island without consulting the Cuban leadership during the Cuban missile crisis of Back in Cuba, increasingly disillusioned with the direction of the Cuban social experiment and its reliance on the Soviets, Guevara began focusing his attention on fostering revolution elsewhere.
After April he dropped out of public life. His movements and whereabouts for the next two years remained secret. It was later learned that he had traveled to what is now the Democratic Republic of the Congo with other Cuban guerrilla fighters in what proved to be a futile attempt to help the Patrice Lumumba Battalion, which was fighting a civil war there.
During that period Guevara resigned his ministerial position in the Cuban government and renounced his Cuban citizenship. After the failure of his efforts in the Congo, he fled first to Tanzania and then to a safe house in a village near Prague. In the autumn of Guevara went to Boliviaincognito beardless and baldto create and lead a guerrilla group in the region of Santa Cruz.
After some initial combat successes, Guevara and his guerrilla band found themselves constantly on the run from the Bolivian army. On October 8,the group was almost annihilated by a special detachment of the Bolivian army aided by CIA advisers.
Guevara, who was wounded in the attack, was captured and shot.
Before his body disappeared to be secretly buried, his hands were cut off; they were preserved in formaldehyde so that his fingerprints could be used to confirm his identity. On the 80th anniversary of his birth, another memorial to Guevara, a statue, was dedicated in his hometown, RosarioArgentina, inafter decades of acrimonious debate among its citizens over his legacy.
The earliest human artifacts in Mexico are chips of stone tools found near campfire remains in the Valley of Mexico and radiocarbon-dated to circa 10, years ago. Mexico is the site of the domestication of maize, tomato, and beans, which produced an agricultural ashio-midori.com enabled the transition from paleo-Indian hunter-gatherers to . Che Guevara (whose real name was Ernesto Guevara) was born in Rosario, Argentina in After studying medicine at the University of Buenos Aires he worked as a doctor. While in Guatemala in he witnessed the socialist government of President Jacobo Arbenz overthrown by . Cuban Revolution - This article, by L. Proyect, is rather long, but provides good detail on the leadership of Castro, and the changes made as a result of the revolution. Glory to The Cuban Revolution A bilingual web page in support of Castro and the revolution.
The Cuban government refuted the claim, citing scientific evidence from including dental structure that, it said, proved that the remains were those of Guevara. He was almost always referenced simply as Che—like Elvis Presleyso popular an icon that his first name alone was identifier enough.
Many on the political right condemned him as brutal, cruel, murderous, and all too willing to employ violence to reach revolutionary ends. Framed by a red-star-studded beret and long hair, his face frozen in a resolute expression, the iconic image was derived from a photo taken by Cuban photographer Alberto Korda on March 5,at a ceremony for those killed when a ship that had brought arms to Havana exploded.
At first the image of Che was worn as a statement of rebellion, then as the epitome of radical chic, and, with the passage of time, as a kind of abstract logo whose original significance may even have been lost on its wearer, though for some he remains an enduring inspiration for revolutionary action.
Guevara, CheDemonstrator carrying a flag bearing an image of Cuban revolutionary Che Guevara at an antigovernment rally in Bangkok, The earliest human artifacts in Mexico are chips of stone tools found near campfire remains in the Valley of Mexico and radiocarbon-dated to circa 10, years ago.
Mexico is the site of the domestication of maize, tomato, and beans, which produced an agricultural ashio-midori.com enabled the transition from paleo-Indian hunter-gatherers to . Che Guevara, byname of Ernesto Guevara de la Serna, (born June 14, , Rosario, Argentina—died October 9, , La Higuera, Bolivia), theoretician and tactician of guerrilla warfare, prominent communist figure in the Cuban Revolution (–59), and guerrilla leader in South America.
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (/ m æ n ˈ d ɛ l ə /; Xhosa: [xoliɬaˈɬa manˈdɛla]; 18 July – 5 December ) was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, political leader, and philanthropist who served as President of South Africa from to He was the country's first black head of state and the first elected in a fully representative .
Jan 24, · Guevara’s image remains a prevalent icon of leftist radicalism and anti-imperialism. Revolutionary leader. Born Ernesto Guevara de la Serna on June 14, , in Rosario, Argentina.
Cuban Revolution - This article, by L. Proyect, is rather long, but provides good detail on the leadership of Castro, and the changes made as a result of the revolution. Glory to The Cuban Revolution A bilingual web page in support of Castro and the revolution. Che Guevara (whose real name was Ernesto Guevara) was born in Rosario, Argentina in After studying medicine at the University of Buenos Aires he worked as a doctor.
While in Guatemala in he witnessed the socialist government of President Jacobo Arbenz overthrown by .