Discussion QOL is becoming an important outcome measure after the initiation of renal replacement therapies.
This is an Open Access article: This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract In Dentistry, as in other branches of Medicine, it has been recognised that objective measures of disease provide little insight into the impact of oral disorders on daily living and quality of life.
A significant body of development work has been undertaken to provide health status measures for use as outcome measures in dentistry.
In descriptive population studies, poor oral health related quality of life is associated with tooth loss.
There is a less extensive literature of longitudinal clinical trials, and measurement of change and interpretation of change scores continues to pose a challenge. This paper reviews the literature regarding the development and use of these oral health related QoL measures and includes an appraisal of future research needs in this area.
Introduction In an effort to focus on the assessment of health and quality of life issues, the term "health-related quality of life" is now widely used.
Regarding the relationship of health and disease to quality of life, there appears to be an association between these domains which is not clearly defined.
Locker suggested that health problems may affect quality of life but such a consequence is not inevitable [ 1 ]. The implication of this is that people with chronic disabling disorders often perceive their quality of life as better than healthy individuals, i.
Allison et al attempted to further explain this phenomenon by suggesting that quality of life was a "dynamic construct", and thus likely to be subject to change over time [ 2 ].
Individual attitudes are not constant, vary with time and experience, and are modified by phenomena such as coping, expectancy and adaptation.
They give as an example an individual who had eating problems due to pain and discomfort, who would have rated this problem as extremely important at one point in time.
Interest in the outcome of oral health problems has been the subject of significant research activity over the past ten or so years.
Oral healthcare researchers and policymakers have recognised that assessment of oral health outcomes is vital to planning oral healthcare programmes. The purpose of this paper is to review the current status of oral health quality of life outcomes in light of more recent developments in the field.
Models of health and disease Traditionally, dentists have been trained to recognise and treat disease such as caries, periodontal disease and tumours. Consequently, various indices have been used to describe the prevalence of these diseases in the population.
However, important as these objective measures are, they only reflect the end-point of the disease processes. They give no indication of the impact of the disease process on function or psychosocial well-being. Furthermore, trends in disease processes are often not related to objective indicators per se.INDIANA An Assessment of Access to Counsel and Quality of Representation in Delinquency Proceedings NATIONAL JUVENILE DEFENDER CENTER CENTRAL JUVENILE DEFENDER CENTER CHILDREN'S LAW CENTER, INC.
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Process versus outcome indicators in the assessment of quality of health care. chance, or quality of care. Health care is only one determinant of health and other factors have important effects on health outcomes, such as nutrition, environment, lifestyle and poverty.
The advantages of process measures are that they are more sensitive to. The Assessment Report is distributed to all stakeholders of the assessment process for review, to include the stakeholder(s) that issued the original Quality Assessment Request.
The Quality Team conducts a presentation to the stakeholders. Sep 08, · In an effort to focus on the assessment of health and quality of life issues, the term "health-related quality of life" is now widely used. Regarding the relationship of health and disease to quality of life, there appears to be an association between these domains which is not clearly defined.
A cross-sectional study was conducted to evaluate the quality of life (QOL) of hemodialysis patients. An attempt was made to compare the QOL of hemodialysis patients with the QOL of the general population, renal transplant patients, and patients with a chronic disease, in this case, asthma.
Quality assessment synonyms, Quality assessment pronunciation, Quality assessment translation, English dictionary definition of Quality assessment. n. A system for evaluating performance, as in the delivery of services or the quality of products provided to consumers, customers, or patients.