An overview of the issue of censorship through history

Tap here to turn on desktop notifications to get the news sent straight to you. Throughout history works of art have been altered, silenced and even erased due to unacceptable content, whether the motivations for censorship were religious, social or political. Yet artists have long pushed boundaries of "offensive" through their imagery and content, presenting everything from portraits of a vulva to a performance replicating 19th century "human zoos.

An overview of the issue of censorship through history

Mason Introduction Libraries are repositories for humanity's knowledge; they are our past, our present, and our future. They are much more than storehouses for books, and include many other forms of data.

An overview of the issue of censorship through history

The information available in libraries must be accessible to all people, regardless of education, age, or economic status. Retrieval of particular types of information requires specialized knowledge and database searches that are beyond the capabilities of many users, and particularly of undergraduates starting their university careers.

Librarians need to share that knowledge with users, instructing them on how to use electronic resources and the Internet so they can do research on their own, while pointing out the limits and problems associated with electronic research.

With the rise of modern technology, the logistics of the workplace changed forever. New rules are needed to govern behaviour, and to develop procedures for librarians on the frontlines. As Hans Jonas states in The Imperative of Responsibility, "modern technology has introduced actions of such novel scale, objects, and consequences, that the framework of former ethics can no longer contain them" JonasThis essay will provide an overview of a few ethical dilemmas facing libraries and librarians, and try to find out if Lee Finks' concerns are still valid today.

Since confidentiality is so important and fundamental in any discussion of ethics, and its promotion, maintenance, and preservation the custodial duty of every library employee, it will be considered an underlying and presumed practice.

Ethics and Technology Librarians and information professionals face numerous ethical dilemmas.

The Interesting Evolutionary History of Mass Media

Recent years have seen a growing interest in workplace ethics because the evolution of modern technology has changed the manner in which humans interact with each other and their environment JonasTechnological innovation, for example, is enabling us to create "brave new worlds" But automated environments are unfamiliar worlds.

Our old intuitive habits of evaluation, which are adequate for determining what is best in traditional worlds, are inadequate in new and different settings SeversonSince it is often only librarians who have the skills to access information from specialized databases, it is important that librarians keep ethics in the forefront.

Schweinsburg stresses that it is critical that information professionals share their knowledge with patrons. If not, a rift will develop between those who have the power to obtain information and those who don't SchweinsburgAlong with the latest technologies come questions of user fees and problems associated with fair and equal rights to information.

Librarians also need to make sure that the information and services offered to users are current, timely, and of the highest quality possible. Collaborate and communicate with library vendors to make sure that the library has the best resources available Mintz The user is relying on the information to be accurate and from a reliable source.

The Censorship of Selection: Finks wrote about the need for librarianship to develop a new code of ethics.

By Moya K. Mason

Inthe ALA did just that. A perusal of the code leads to the conclusion that perhaps not all of his concerns were incorporated. Essential to Finks' thesis is the belief that a code of ethics for librarians and information professionals must not be a hollow statement written to satisfy the public or library boards.

It must embody the principles and convictions that librarians have historically considered of value, and should "focus on the way we do our work and whether or not we perform in a way that can honestly be called professional" Finks Furthermore, as Johan Bekker points out, since society judges a profession by its individual members, all members must follow a clearly defined set of ethical standards FinksIn particular, ethical issues related to selection of materials and intellectual freedom should be carefully considered by librarians FinksIntellectual freedom hinges on the assumption that individuals choose the path their inquiries take, but this is often a false assumption.

How each selection is made in the process of providing information involves a value judgement SchweinsburgLibrarians often decide the direction an inquiry takes, not the patron, and therefore, it's important that librarians try not to let their personal ideologies interfere with their professional activities.

Invariably, the client has no way to judge whether the librarian has acted unethically FinksProfessional codes require librarians to remain neutral and to provide the information a client requests.

Librarians should set aside their assumptions and prejudices to make sure they won't destroy the fundamental principle that underlies librarianship: This also has serious and considerable consequences for the selection of materials.

In Professional Awareness of the Ethics of Selection, Schweinsburg addresses the issue of selection in libraries and writes, "the fact that librarians must examine and select the materials for their collection may make them de facto censors" Schweinsburg , · It would be an understatement to say that during U.S.

President Donald Trump’s term in office, the issue of truth and falsehoods has been a central topic of political discourse.

Censorship in the United States - Wikipedia Protecting religious sensitivities at price of free expression Many countries have legislation designed to quell religious tensions and any ensuing violence. However, while such laws exist to address prevent sectarian violence their vagueness means that they can also be used by groups to shut down free expression.
Citations that match the search keyword phrase: Check new design of our homepage! It is a highly divisive issue with its own advantages and disadvantages.
Internet Censorship - law & policy around the world It may be carried out by governments or by private organizations either at the behest of government or on their own initiative.

It was a reoccurring issue throughout the election and has only continued following his ashio-midori.com It's an overview of the ongoing battle between movements trying to suppress and control films, films that broke new grounds, and the emerging legal protections for film as expression protected under the First Amendment.

Mass Media has been evolving through the ancient periods when kings patronized their writers and poets for writing books and creating dramas. The power of mass media is known to the world. It has thrown away mighty dynasties and created new ashio-midori.com://ashio-midori.com  · Censorship is separate from restrictions on communication based on copyright infringements where the issue is not secrecy, but wrongful use.

State and Territory Legislation

It is also distinct from editorial gate-keeping based on other criteria such as quality, cost, demand, and relevance and in the case of regulating public demonstrations and entertainment, public safety and ashio-midori.com  · However, in the “modernist period,” the deconstruction of censorship allows this frank portrayal to slip easily through the censors without any problem.

Adultery is also a subject dealt with through the characters Sonny and Ruth (Cloris Leachman), Sonny’s gym teacher’s ashio-midori.com Here is a timeline on censorship in the United States. The right to free speech is a US tradition, but actually respecting the right to free speech is not.

If you're looking for a clear-cut villain in the history of US censorship, you've found him. may be regulated by the FCC if it is distributed through publicly owned wavelengths.

A Brief History Of Art Censorship From To | HuffPost