Anarchy online master thesis format

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IRPG Theory of International Relations Sebastian Plappert Anarchy as the founding principle of International Relations In general understanding, anarchy may be defined as orderless chaos, the absence or inefficiency of a higher authority and the constant struggle or threat of war Oxford University Pressp.

anarchy online master thesis format

This corresponds well to the Hobbesian analogy of the state of nature, where every man is enemy to every man Hobbesp.

In the domain of IR, anarchy is a more precise term, which refers to the lack of an overarching political authority governing the international system, while leaving room for order and patterns of behaviour for its actors Gilpinp.

Although, it is claimed that anarchy is the founding principle of IR, this essay will argue that anarchy is indeed an important characteristic, but certainly not the basic premise of international relations as a discipline.

To support this, the papers first section will be a brief examination of the relevance and application of anarchy in different theoretical approaches. Starting with those strongly based on anarchy, the paper will progress to approaches which do not concentrate on anarchy. These theories will be limited only to those closely linked to the neorealist line of thought.

Finally the paper will present and evaluate critical approaches to the perception of anarchy as the founding principle of IR. The subject of IR originates mainly in studying the concept of anarchy in inter-state relations as juxtaposition to the hierarchical intrastate system.

International politics lacks a central authority, hence, it deals with a different branch of politics. International politics focuses on relationships existing in an international arena where no super ordinate government exercises ruling power Dunnp.

This being the commonly accepted definition of anarchy, it identifies the realm of international relations and emphasises the strong coherency of IR and the concept of anarchy Wightp. That determines anarchy as the fundamental term that establishes IR as a discipline concentrating on transnational politics.

In fact, there are several unique approaches to the field of IR which all attempt to create a coherent picture of world politics, using the concept of anarchy. These agents, namely states, are concerned with their very survival and will all act equally. Moreover, because of their basic likeness, constant anarchy defines and limits all possible conduct of states in the same way, as the capitalistic marketplace forces all kinds of companies to adopt specific strategies Waltzpp.

In short, for Kenneth Waltzp. However, this is a very rigid perception of anarchy and its consequences may be exaggerated.

Anarchy itself implies not a war of states against each other; it just constrains cooperation by means of absolute gains versus relative gains Powellpp.


International Institutions, created by the states themselves for their own benefit, are able to control cooperation either directly by sanctioning defects, or indirectly by diminishing the dissenters profit in the long run Keohanep. By conceiving the anarchical structure as less static, ongoing cooperation and regime building could alter the system Ruggiepp.

Anarchy is a founding principle, but there must be more to correctly explain international relations. Another theory about international politics presupposes anarchy, but it dismisses the logical deduction from anarchy to a state of war by emphasizing historical facts.

States are held together by the social nature of humans and the same is valid for the international sphere Dunnep. In the understanding of the English School, agents in the international realm perceive themselves as part of the system. Describing an arrangement of related items according to a particular pattern reflects the very existence of order Bullp.

Even in the face of an anarchical structure, international order is a fact, because several values and interests such as sovereignty are obviously shared and negotiated Harrisp.

Rather the opposite is the case. However, anarchy is still strongly assumed in the first place and therfore the most important principle of IR.Anarchy as the founding principle of International Relations - A theoretical overview - Sebastian Plappert - Essay - Politics - International Politics - General and Theories - Publish your bachelor's or master's thesis, dissertation, term paper or essay.

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Organizations; Confederation of Christian Trade Unions; Bruderhof Communities; Catholic Worker Movement; Christian Socialist Movement; World Movement of Christian Workers.

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anarchy online master thesis format
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