An Effective Approach to Violent Prevention: In these studies, juveniles at high risk for violence and delinquency showed decreased violence and positive changes in psychological risk factors after being required to take a school-linked course in traditional martial arts.
References Introduction The causes of juvenile delinquency have being a field that many scholars have built their research on. Juvenile violence is a key issue in the corridors of justice on a global scale.
However, juvenile violence focuses on the punishment rather than development of mechanisms that may be instrumental in prevention and intervention at early stage in life Winterdyk, There are two outstanding themes in this literature review. First theme is that various life events and immediate environment including home, school, and neighborhood is essential in shaping ones trajectory as ones transit from childhood through adolescence to adulthood.
The second theme is that identifying such life events is the determining factor of delinquent behavior. In summary, the pathway to crime for a child is greatly dependent on the social bonds that exist in the society.
The social support relations that ensure a smooth transition from childhood to adulthood are no longer functional Brook, et al. Issues such as unemployment, inadequate housing facilities, absence of social services, local authority disintegration, irrelevant educational systems, and peer pressure are some of the challenges facing the 21st century youth.
Their trials were held as adults, they served their terms in jails and penitentiaries. The judicial system offered few options and hence youth regardless of the age and gender were confined together with hardened adult criminal and the mentally challenged culprits in overcrowded penal institutions.
In most cases, their crimes did not amount for such harsh treatment. Thomas Eddy and John Griscom were advocating for youths below the age of eighteen to be treated differently from adults. They also urged for the creation of a new type of reformation institution.
This gave rise to New York House of Refuge. They housed youth with traits of delinquency, or those who were incorrigible. The houses of refuge were faced with the same challenges of overcrowding, abuse, and poor management.
New reforms put emphasis on educations for the delinquent youths as the way for reformation. This saw the rise of reform school known as training and industrial schools. Risk Factors Contributing to Juvenile Delinquency Delinquency is defined as an act or behavior done by a juvenile that is socially undesirable Sirohi, A juvenile is a minor below the legal age depending on the country who cannot be held accountable for their criminal behavior.
Juvenile delinquency is thus an antisocial act that is illegal or criminalistics in nature done persistently by a minor and cannot be handled by the parent or guardian but requires the help of law enforcement agencies as the act threatens the well-being of the society Sirohi, Despite the diversity of underlying factors leading up to delinquency, they all have similar underlying themes.Definition.
A research paradigm is an approach or a research model to conducting a research that has been verified by the research community for long and that has been in practice for hundreds of years.
Juvenile Delinquency There is no doubt that various experts can give us many theories as to the causes of juvenile delinquency, including one's economic background, substance abuse, delinquent peer groups, repeated exposure to violence, increased availability of firearms and media violence, however, I feel that the number one cause of juvenile delinquency is the breakdown of families 4/4(1).
When research is conducted hypothesis formulation is one of the most preliminary steps. Hypothesis formulation helps in formulating the research problem.
Aug 17, · Juvenile delinquency—negative behaviors of children and teens that may result in crimes or legal action—frequently causes widespread problems in communities.
RAND's research on juvenile delinquency includes populations from diverse socioeconomic backgrounds and features studies related to crime and juvenile justice, at-risk populations, violence, bullying, substance abuse prevention and. Research Papers on Juvenile Delinquency Juvenile Delinquency Research Papers discuss the factors that help assist this type of behavior, and also look at the nature versus nurture aspect.
Criminal justice research papers on juvenile delinquency often look at the causes of juvenile delinquency in society. DISCLAIMER: This webinar series is supported by funding from the Bureau of Justice Assistance.
The Bureau of Justice Assistance is a component of the Office of Justice Programs, which also includes the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, the SMART Office, and the Office for Victims of Crime.