How to Write a Summary of an Article?
Works cited American Jewish history commenced in with the expulsion of Jews from Spain. This action set off a period of intense Jewish migration. Seeking to escape the clutches of the Holy Inquisition, some Jews in the sixteenth century sought refuge in the young Calvinist republic of The Netherlands.
A century later, hundreds of their descendants crossed the ocean to settle in the new Dutch colony of Recife in Brazil, where Jewish communal life became possible for the first time in the New World.
When Portugal recaptured this colony inits Jews scattered. Essay about gender stereotypes spread through the Dutch Caribbean, beginning fresh Jewish communities. A boatload of about 23 Jews sailed into the remote Dutch port of New Amsterdam and requested permission to remain.
This marked the beginning of Jewish communal life in North America. Colonial Jews never exceeded one tenth of one percent of the American population, yet they established patterns of Jewish communal life that persisted for generations.
First, most Jews lived in cosmopolitan port cities like New York and Newport where opportunities for commerce and trade abounded, and people of diverse backgrounds and faiths lived side by side.
Second, many early American Jewish leaders and institutions were Sephardic, meaning that their origins traced to the Jewish communities of the Iberian peninsula.
Sephardic Jews maintained cultural hegemony in Jewish life into the early nineteenth century, although by then Ashkenazi Jews, meaning Jews who traced their origins to Germany, had long been more numerous.
Third, Jews organized into synagogue-communities. Savannah, Charleston, Philadelphia, New York, and Newport each had one synagogue that assumed responsibility for the religious and communal needs of all local Jews. The American Revolution marked a turning point not only in American Jewish history, but in modern Jewish history generally.
Never before had a major nation committed itself so definitively to the principles of freedom and democracy in general and to religious freedom in particular.
Jews and members of other minority religions could dissent from the religious views of the majority without fear of persecution. Jews still had to fight for their rights on the state level, and they continued to face various forms of prejudice nationwide.
However, many Jews benefited materially from the Revolution and interacted freely with their non-Jewish neighbors. Having shed blood for their country side by side with their Christian fellows, Jews as a group felt far more secure than they had in colonial days. They asserted their rights openly and, if challenged, defended themselves both vigorously and self-confidently.
In the nineteenth century, American Jews, seeking to strengthen Judaism against its numerous Christian competitors in the marketplace of American religions, introduced various religious innovations, some of them borrowed from their neighbors.
Young Jews in Charleston, dissatisfied with the "apathy and neglect" they saw manifested toward their religion, somewhat influenced by the spread of Unitarianism, fearful of Christian missionary activities that had begun to be directed toward local Jews, and, above all, passionately concerned about Jewish survival in a free society, created the breakaway "Reformed Society of Israelites for Promoting True Principles of Judaism According to Its Purity and Spirit.
Traditional congregations also "Protestantized" some of their practices, introducing regular English sermons and more decorous modes of worship. Meanwhile, communal leaders, led by the Traditionalist Jewish religious leader of Philadelphia, Isaac Leeser, emulated and adapted Protestant benevolent and education techniques--Sunday schools, hospitals, the religious press, charitable societies, and the like--in order to strengthen Judaism in the face of pressures upon Jews to convert.
Among other things, Leeser produced an Anglo-Jewish translation of the Bible, founded a Jewish publication society, and edited a Jewish periodical, The Occident and American Jewish Advocate, which attempted in its pages to unite the diverse voices of the American Jewish community.
He also rallied his community to respond to incidents of anti-Jewish persecution around the world.For example, you can write about gender, race, or age stereotypes and how they can be often times wrong and detrimental to society. 2. You can also write about the prevalence of stereotyping as well.
Home» Traditional Gender Roles Essay Examples & Outline. Traditional Gender Roles Essay Examples & Outline. Are you in High School, College, Masters, Media stereotypes.
Gender roles are evident in the mainstream media. Media prays women as nurturing and gentle since they have to take care of other members of the society.
The Stereotypes In Media Media Essay. Today the media is bombarded with all sorts of stereotypes whether its racism, sexism or any other. The reason why media often resorts to these stereotypes is that media has limited space and stereotypes help them to compress all the information intended to reach the audience without actually developing the character.
Feb 26, · Stereotypes Stereotypes have been around since the making of America; they have portrayed many groups whether it be a race, ethnicities, or even a gender. Stereotypes are used to degrade and ‘promote’ the many groups negatively which still continues today.
Racial Stereotypes on Television Essay. For many years, racial and ethnic stereotypes have been portrayed on multiple television programs.
These stereotypes are still illustrated on a day-to-day basis even though times have changed. This video created by the Representation Project, featuring Gamergate and the Walking Dead, shows sexism still prevails in popular media.