EnvironmentMiddle EastPollutionWater Egypt has been suffering from severe water scarcity in recent years. Uneven water distribution, misuse of water resources and inefficient irrigation techniques are some of the major factors playing havoc with water security in the country.
A fishing boat lies anchored in polluted water on the Nile river in Cairo, Photograph: In areas such as Ezbit al-Taweel, water bought from trucks is often heavily contaminated.
Farmers looking to make a quick profit often transport liquid in tanks normally used to carry gas.
These trucks are filled from the most convenient source, which can often be a nearby wastewater canal. Fishermen have to find new jobs.
Even the fish die! Wastewater canals Essay egypt crisis awash with agricultural runoff filled with dissolved fertilisers and pesticides, and make a rich habitat for pathogens such as bilharzia.
Heavy metals such as mercury, arsenic, carcinogenic cadmium and lead have also been detected in high concentrations.
Today, polluted waters have wreaked havoc on stocks. The Ministry of Water Resources used to open the dams and release additional fresh water to flush out pollution created by industrial and agricultural waste.
Poor sanitation means that The water people drink is highly toxic, he said, containing heavy metals and other pollutants which could cause a wide range of diseases from diarrhoea to Hepatitis A and E.
Even attempts to treat people suffering from diarrhoea, dehydration and other effects of water scarcity and pollution have lead to their own disasters; this month, four children died and 27 others were severely ill after being treated with faulty rehydration medication in Beni Suef.
A way out There are no quick or easy fixes to water scarcity and the resulting sanitation concerns, but Ibrahim Salman, head of the Mid-Delta Drainage Canals Authority, believes that there are three possible solutions.
Egypt sees Ethiopian dam as risk to water supply Read more The first is pumping for underground water, which is expensive, takes time and draws on finite sources of groundwater. The second is adopting water-efficient agricultural technologies like drip irrigation, instead of the flooding techniques still used by most Egyptian farmers.
This, Salman said, is a long-term solution, not one that can be implemented overnight. The third is finding ways to recycle water from drainage canals. Unfortunately, at present these canals carry highly toxic industrial and agricultural waste mixed with the low toxicity freshwater. Last year, the Minister of Housing Mostafa Madbouly announced that all Egyptians would be connected to water and wastewater networks within eight years, provided his ministry receives enough money from the cabinet.
However, until that happens, thousands of people will be forced to wait in line, resort to black markets, and build creaky pipes of their own just to get a few drops of water. A version of this article first appeared on Mada Masr Topics.Donald Trump was right.
He inherited a mess. In January , American foreign policy was, if not in crisis, in big trouble. Strong forces . The economic crisis forced Egypt’s ruler to sell his shares of the Universal Suez Ship Canal Company to England.
England now had considerable share in the operation of the canal along with French investors, whereas Egypt lost control over the canal and its profits. After a ten-day siege, Egypt’s ancient capital Memphis fell to the Persians.
A crisis at court forced Cambyses to return to Persia but he died en route and Darius I (“the Great”) emerged as king (r. – B.C.), claiming in his inscriptions that a certain “Achaemenes” was his ancestor. Egypt Pre Crisis. Harmonizing to Dr Ali Kadri, These were the economic conditions pre the revolution.
Egyptian existent GDP growing was on mean six per centum a twelvemonth over the past six old ages . Suez Crisis, (), international crisis in the Middle East, precipitated on July 26, , when the Egyptian president, Gamal Abdel Nasser, nationalized the Suez ashio-midori.com canal had been owned by the Suez Canal Company, which was controlled by French and British interests.
SHOFAR Winter Vol. 12, No.2 SUEZ: A CRISIS FOR ALL SEASONS A REVIEW ESSAY by Michael B. Oren Director, Israel Office The American Jewish Committee More than Agadir, more than Berlin or Cuba, Suez was the quintessential crisis of the twentieth century.