Religious Transformation and the Second Great Awakening Both blacks and women began to participate in evangelical revivals associated with the Second Great Awakening at the end of the 18th century.
Blog The Second Great Awakening By the beginning of the 19th century, traditional Christian beliefs were held in less favor by numerous educated Americans. A countervailing tendency was underway, however, in the form of a tremendous religious revival that spread westward during the century's first half.
It coincided with the nation's population growth from five to 30 million and the boundary's westward movement. This Second Great Awakening, a reprise of the Great Awakening of the early 18th century, was marked by an emphasis on personal piety over schooling and theology.
It arose in several places and in several active forms. In northern New England, social activism took precedence; in western New York, the movement encouraged the growth of new denominations.
In the Appalachian region of Tennessee and Kentucky, the revival energized Presbyterians, Methodists and Baptists, and gave rise to the popular camp meeting, a chance for isolated frontier folk to gather and enjoy the excitement of evangelistic fervor.
The first camp meeting occurred in south-central Kentucky in June James McGready, a Presbyterian, and two colleagues preached for three solid days. The following day, two circuit-riding Methodist ministers arrived and emotionally exhorted the crowd. The revivals of the west were much more emotional than those in the east.
The revival's secular effects consisted of two main strains: Evangelizing the West also took the form of interdenominational missionary groups, such as the American Home Missionary Society Their exponents were witnesses for the faith, teachers and civic pillars.
Other societies published Christian literature; notable among these was the American Bible Society and the American Tract Society Social activism spawned abolition groups, temperance and suffrage societies, and others committed to prison reform, care for the handicapped and mentally ill.
A noted proponent of such reforms was the evangelist Charles G. In addition to being an innovative evangelist whose techniques others would imitate, he held that the Gospel saved people, but also it was a means to reform society.
True to his word, Finney was a fervent abolitionist and encouraged other Christians to get involved. The movement spread through southern Ohio, Kentucky and Tennessee. Features of the Methodist and Baptist denominations became assets on the frontier. The Methodists inspired circuit riders from among their common folk; they penetrated to remote areas and enjoyed a natural rapport with the isolated families they evangelized.
The Bible belt of the South and border states was born on this grassroots format. The Second Great Awakening exerted a lasting impact on American society, more than any other revival.
While its fervor abated, it left a legacy of many established churches, democratization and social reform.The Second great awakening had many vital prominences. It provided the shred for the nineteenth reform movements that swept across the country. The public of America, particularly ladies, became active reform movements in anti-slavery, abstinence, ethical and jail reform, aid to the poor, and therefore the look after the insane.1/5(3).
The Second Great Awakening was a Protestant revival movement during the early nineteenth century. The movement started around , had begun to gain momentum by , and was in decline by Revivals were a key part of the movement and attracted hundreds of .
The Second Great Awakening arose in The idea of social equality that came about with the advent of the new nation trickled down to religion. Specifically, Methodists and Baptists began an effort to democratize religion.
The Second Great Awakening was a Protestant religious revival during the early 19th century in the United States. The movement began around , gained momentum by and, after , membership rose rapidly among Baptist and Methodist congregations whose .
Aug 21, · Second Great Awakening. By stressing the moral imperative to end sinful practices and each person’s responsibility to uphold God’s will in society, preachers like Lyman Beecher, Nathaniel. The Second Great Awakening was more than just a religious movement; it provided a new social outlet.
There was an excitement to it, and a sense of belonging. People even changed denomination if they felt one preacher was more interesting than the last.