Fifty-four participants attended the sensitization programme.
Summary This paper argues for a pluralist and integrated approach to water development in Ethiopia. While the emphasis of the paper is on water schemes for agricultural purposes irrigationthe problem of rural water supply is also discussed though not in sufficient depth.
Water policy should enable the development of different categories of irrigation systems, namely, large, medium and small-scale.
However, the paper argues that given our past experience and the fact that large systems have failed both here and in many African countries, a concerted effort should be made to encourage small and user-based water development schemes.
Such schemes are less costly, more sustainable, environment friendly, and do not involve human displacement, as is the case with large schemes. Moreover, small schemes provide beneficiaries the opportunity to manage them directly.
The purpose of agricultural water development should be to increase social benefits, and to promote food security and poverty alleviation. Stakeholders' participation in water projects is essential.
Participation means the involvement of stakeholders in the planning, management and governance of water projects. Purpose The aim of this paper is to stimulate public discussion of Ethiopia's water resources and the strategy of water development that the country is preparing to follow.
Ethiopia has not utilised its water resources adequately or wisely. As we shall see further down, the country lags behind many African countries in the development of irrigation schemes and of safe water supply.
The emphasis in the past has been on large-scale investments, but many of the water schemes constructed were poorly designed and had adverse environmental consequences. Moreover, in keeping with the top-down approach favoured by policy makers at the time, the planning and implementation of water development schemes was not submitted to public discussion, nor were stakeholders consulted on the matter.
Policies were made in camera, and plans were executed by professionals without involving the communities concerned. This decision-making tradition, which is still with us today, has to change because without public participation and the input of the stakeholders themselves development programmes will not be sustainable.
What is called for therefore is the democratisation of the policy-making process. Introduction Water is a mobile resource: This natural cycle is the basis of all life forms and of the economy of nature.
Water may be "managed" in different ways: This makes it different from all other natural resources. However, each form of management that interferes with the natural cycle exacts a price, not just in economic terms but in terms of environmental damage and greater health hazards.
Moreover, water does not occur alone, it is rather part of a complex ecosystem consisting of the land, plants, aquatic and other life forms.Honouring the Truth, Reconciling for the Future Summary of the Final Report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada.
This web version of the Report is an unofficial plain-text extract of the original(PDF, 14MB) published by the The Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada.. It is aimed at making the Report more accessible.
The September/October issue previews state legislative elections and what voters will face on statewide ballot measures.
Also read about efforts to halt sexual harassment in legislatures, NCSL’s new leadership and much more.
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