Then, seemingly overnight, the twenty-seven-year-old author found fame. His father was a liquor salesman, a job that contributed to his alcoholism. The Sinclair family moved to New York when Upton was ten.
Colonial literature[ edit ] Because of the large immigration to Boston in the s, the articulation of Puritan ideals, and the early establishment of a college and a printing press in Cambridgethe New England colonies have often been regarded as the center of early American literature.
However, the first European settlements in North America had been founded elsewhere many years earlier. During the colonial period, the printing press was active in many areas, from Cambridge and Boston to New YorkPhiladelphiaand Annapolis.
The dominance of the English language was not inevitable. Moreover, we are now aware of the wealth of oral literary traditions already existing on the continent among the numerous different Native American groups. Political events, however, would eventually make English the lingua franca for the colonies at large as well as the literary language of choice.
For instance, when the English conquered New Amsterdam inthey renamed it New York and changed the administrative language from Dutch to English. From toonly about separate items were issued from the major printing presses in the American colonies.
This is a small number compared to the output of the printers in London at the time. London printers published materials written by New England authors, so the body of American literature was larger than what was published in North America. However, printing was established in the American colonies before it was allowed in most of England.
In England, restrictive laws had long confined printing to four locations, where the government could monitor what was published: London, York, Oxford, and Cambridge. Because of this, the colonies ventured into the modern world earlier than their provincial English counterparts.
Captain John Smith could be considered the first American author with his works: Topics of early writing[ edit ] The religious disputes that prompted settlement in America were important topics of early American literature. Edward Winslow also recorded a diary of the first years after the Mayflower 's arrival.
This work outlined the ideal society that he and the other Separatists would build in an attempt to realize a "Puritan utopia". Other religious writers included Increase Mather and William Bradfordauthor of the journal published as a History of Plymouth Plantation, — Others like Roger Williams and Nathaniel Ward more fiercely argued state and church separation.
And still others, like Thomas Mortoncared little for the church; Morton's The New English Canaan mocked the religious settlers and declared that the Native Americans were actually better people than the British. Nicholas Noyes was also known for his doggerel verse.
John Eliot translated the Bible into the Algonquin language. Of the second generation of New England settlers, Cotton Mather stands out as a theologian and historian, who wrote the history of the colonies with a view to God's activity in their midst and to connecting the Puritan leaders with the great heroes of the Christian faith.
Jonathan Edwards and George Whitefield represented the Great Awakeninga religious revival in the early 18th century that emphasized Calvinism. Less strict and serious writers included Samuel Sewall who wrote a diary revealing the daily life of the late 17th century and Sarah Kemble Knight.
New England was not the only area in the colonies with a literature:It is , and Ann Eliza Young has recently separated from her powerful husband, Brigham Young, prophet and leader of the Mormon Church.
Expelled and an outcast, Ann Eliza embarks on a crusade to end polygamy in the United States. SINCLAIR, UPTON BEALLUpton Beall Sinclair was a famous American writer and essayist whose book The Jungle, an exposé of Chicago's meatpacking industry, shocked the nation and led to the passage of the Pure Food and Drug Act in Sinclair was born September 20, , to a prominent but financia.
Upton Sinclair's the Jungle by Harold Boom. Darwinian optimists unblinkingly read ‘the ﬁttest’ to mean ‘the best. had returned to the law of the jungle. Rather than praising competition as a healthy and natural process—with cream always rising to the top—Sinclair accepted the contradictory value of cooperation.
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Paperback, , can be a little rough and the story is rather simple. But Austen's writing is still intense and powerfully vivid. Her prose is elegant and smooth, and her dialogue is full of hidden facets.
for example, of Sinclair's adjustment of a minor. First published in , Jacob Riis's remarkable study of the horrendous living conditions of the poor in New York City had an immediate and extraordinary impact on society, inspiring reforms that affected the lives of millions of people.
Laugh, and the world laughs with you; Weep, and you weep alone; The idea for the poem came as she was travelling to attend a ball.
On her way to the celebration, there was a young woman dressed in black sitting across the aisle from her.