End to Population Growth:
Introduction Development of Personal Interest in the Topic My personal interest in swinging began in with an article I read about swinging and swingers in the Canadian magazine Saturday Night. Gould argued that swinging was perceived by a large part of the general population as a morally depraved behavior, a threat to the institution of marriage and the fabric of the family unit Gould, However, Gould's investigation revealed that couples that participated in swinging activities reported having strong, loving, and committed relationships, and lived otherwise traditional family lives.
In other words, swingers were extraordinarily ordinary in all aspects of their lives except in the co-marital, non-monogamous, sexual aspect. Thus, Gould posited, perhaps swingers had found a happy alternative to adultery and sexual boredom Gould, However, the assertions made by Gould were anecdotal at best and relied on his interviews with a small number of swingers at a swinger's resort in the west coast.
Gould's assertions were by no means the product of a studious and rigorous process of scientific inquiry. Nevertheless, Gould's findings were, to say the least, provocative and suggestive. I decided to explore the research literature in an effort to find out what were the findings of prior studies on swinging.
I was curious as to the relationship between swinging, marital satisfaction, and sexual satisfaction. I was interested in evaluating some of the claims made by Gould in his article that swingers were indeed happy with their relationships.
Moreover, I wanted to explore whether there was a relationship between swinging and the stability of the couple's emotional relationship. I wanted to know if negative consequences of swinging on the family unit had been identified, and if swinging had indeed brought a new dimension to the marital relationship.
Did swingers have, overall, stronger and happier relationships than non-swingers? Was swinging the new marital paradigm of the future?
Further investigation revealed that although there had been some research on swinging, there was very little continuity to this research. Moreover, consistent, longitudinal data were lacking.
Some of the reasons given to explain the lack of research with this population included the illusive, and secretive, demeanor of the swinging population, which made it extremely difficult to identify. Because of careful anonymity cultivated by individuals in the swinging lifestyle, it was difficult collect a randomized sample from this population; as well, it had proven extremely difficult to follow individual swingers over a sustained period of time Jenks, Nevertheless, I questioned why, despite the problems suggested by Jenks, researchers had neglected researching the swinging lifestyle since other alternative lifestyles, such as homosexuality which also carried an element of anonymity and secrecy, had received much stronger attention from the research community.
If swinging had indeed increased in popularity, as suggested by Gould, why was not there more research on the topic?
Since my initial interest on this topic inseveral media investigative reports on swinging have come to light. They attributed the increase in happiness to their ability to have their sexual fantasies fulfilled in a context that involved themselves and their spouses without having to resort to lying or engaging in affairs outside the relationship.
Additionally, in an article in the English newspaper The Independent, Saturday, July 22 nd,titled Behind closed doors: The swinging Noughties, it was reported that the continuing rise of swinging was due, for the most part, to the ease of communication among people provided by the Internet.
Moreover, the article suggested that swinging is multidimensional and appeals to a diverse group of individuals, allowing some to fulfill their sexual fantasies within the context of the marital relationship.
Moreover, the article posited that swingers engage in extra-dyadic sexual activities free of guilt and with the involvement of the other partner, which contributes, according to the author, to the strength and happiness of the primary relationship.
Interesting to note that relationship happiness was mentioned in both articles by the swinging individuals interviewed. When considering the available academic literature, it appears that the bulk of the research on swinging is restricted to journal articles and other publications dating back to the s and s.
Jenks, a sociologist, has shown some interest in the topic and has published a handful of articles starting in the late s and continuing until the s.
However, in the last ten years, only two academic studies on swinging have been published. Thus, I concluded that further research on swinging was needed and would add to the existing literature. I was also intrigued by the motivation behind swinging beyond the happiness assertions made by individuals interviewed in the popular media.
In a recent article on the sexual arousal and motivation of men, Goetz, Shackelford, Platek, Starrat, and McKibbin posited that some married males encourage their partners to copulate with other males.
The authors proposed that swinging is an example of a context in which males encourage their mates to engage in sex with males. Encouraging one's partner to copulate with other men appears to be a maladaptive strategy that increases the risk of cuckoldry; however, in some contemporary societies some men do just this — such men often report sexual arousal to the sight of their partner interacting sexually with other men Goetz et al.
Moreover, sex and intimacy are usually associated with a passionate relationship Love, Brown and Amatea define commitment as: The commitment component refers to the short-term decision to label our attitude towards another as love and also the long-term decision to try to maintain that love into the foreseeable future.
Thus the commitment involves cognitive acts, rather than emotions, and may include conscious intention and will-power p.
It follows that it would be of interest, from a socio-psychological perspective, to evaluate a couple's motivation, and rationale, for engaging in sex with other individuals.
When the sexual needs of an individual are not been met within the primary relationship individuals are more likely to look elsewhere for sexual satisfaction Hoff, Are swingers dissatisfied with their sexual relationships?How does our perception of gender roles develop? Our brains are almost constantly engaged in two parallel processes; collecting sensory input from the world around us, and matching this input with associations stored in our memory.
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We are always trying to outdo ourselves by seeking innovation, using the latest technology, and having highly trained and qualified people for every service. Also, “it starts to look like me and the feminists” should be “looks like I”. And “untitled” doesn’t really make sense. And if biology is a hard science, it’s on the extreme soft edge of hard sciences.
Sexuality in Japan developed separately from that of mainland Asia, as Japan did not adopt the Confucian view of marriage, in which chastity is highly valued.
Monogamy in marriage is less important in Japan, and married . Perceptions of Sexuality in American Culture Research Team: Kathryn Dykeman Damon Duncan Kristen Irvin Amber King Popular culture has belittled the moral significance of sexual relations among young Americans, and.
Human female sexuality encompasses a broad range of behaviors and processes, including female sexual identity and sexual behavior, the physiological, psychological, social, cultural, political, and spiritual or religious aspects of sexual activity. Various aspects and dimensions of female sexuality, as a part of human sexuality, have also been addressed by principles of ethics, morality, and.